Geometric shapes are made out of precise points, curves, and lines that come together to create common figures like squares, circles, triangles, and rectangles. Each geometric shape has a specific number of points and lines that are joined up that give it its unique shape. There are a variety of different geometric shapes, including ones that are two-dimensional, three-dimensional, and even four-dimensional. Polygons are flat, two-dimensional shapes with straight lines that are fully connected and have no curves. A parallelogram, rhombus, trapezoid, octagon, and decagon are all examples of more complex polygons, where the shape consists of straight, connecting lines.
Geometric shapes are very often used in designs either as standalone shapes or combined into geometric patterns. A geometric pattern is a collection of shapes that are typically repeated or altered, most commonly seen in wallpaper or tile design. From ancient civilization cave drawings to the Memphis Design style of the 1980s to modern art, geometric patterns have truly stood the test of time and continue to be building blocks of many designs today.
If you’re looking to create a geometric pattern design, but not sure where to start, don’t worry. We’ve rounded up the best geometric shapes and patterns and how to combine them in a design.
There are countless ways to combine geometric patterns with other design elements. Let’s take a look at some of our favorite ways you can create a geometric pattern masterpiece:
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What we’ve covered is only the tip of the geometric iceberg! You’ll discover that there are hundreds of ways to implement geometric patterns in your designs. It can be an overwhelming process to narrow down a design, but it might be helpful to select a geometric pattern first. Let’s zero in on the actual geometric shapes and patterns you can use in your next design.
Adding a border to your design is likely the most simple yet effective geometric pattern you can implement. Borders can segment elements in your design while adding structure. Be daring and add a double border of differing colors.
Another simple and highly popular geometric pattern, stripes can be more versatile than you think. Use them horizontally, vertically, diagonally. Intersect them or use them haphazardly for a more abstract look. The possibilities are endless!
A chevron pattern is an inverted V pattern that repeats, resulting in a continuous zig-zag. This popular design is often seen in clothing and interior decorating.
This classic pattern consists of a repeating four-point shape that resembles a dog’s tooth – hence the name. Houndstooth is most commonly seen in black and white, although other colors can be used.
Spirals can be quite hypnotizing and bold in a design. Traditional spirals consist of swirly lines, but you can go abstract with spiral dots. Start with bigger dots on the outside of the spiral and gradually decrease the dot size until you get to the center.
A wave pattern instantly invokes calming and serene emotions. Mimicking ocean waves or sand dunes, this pattern can be expressed in virtually any color and line width, depending on your design.
Polka dots are forever an iconic geometric pattern. This playful pattern can be used anywhere including clothing and accessories, interior designs, stationeries, and digital art. You can adjust the dot size and color to your liking. For a bold, eye-catching design, try pairing two vibrant colors, such as a yellow background with red dots.
Plaid was a highly trending pattern in the 1970s that eventually made a comeback in recent years. Although It has a rich history as a heritage pattern seen on Scottish kilts, it’s still highly used in modern fashion like in Burberry’s famous plaid pattern. Plaid usually consists of criss-cross lines of different widths in two or more colors.
Gingham pattern, often used in clothing and tablecloths, consists of a two-color checkered pattern. A red and white gingham design instantly gives you a nostalgic picnic vibe.
A honeycomb design consists of repeating hexagonal shapes either stuck together or with spacing in between. Mimicking a literal honeycomb, this geometric pattern is highly trending for interior and website design projects. Keep it simple with a black and white honeycomb pattern, or go bold with a yellow gradient for an authentic honeycomb feel.
Patterns of triangles are dynamic and strong in a design. Triangles remain diverse and versatile due to their varying types. Whether an isosceles, obtuse, or equilateral triangle, triangles are a classic, must-use geometric shape for virtually any medium or project. Combine several different types of triangles for a beautifully abstract geometric pattern.
12. Nature Pattern
Whether a raindrop, cloud, bubbles, sun, or moon, pick any element in nature and turn it into a cool geometric pattern with a consistent repetition throughout your design. This type of geometric pattern can add just the right touch of reality to your theme.
Although an element of nature, floral patterns deserve a category of their own. With so many different types of flowers, the geometric pattern options are endless. Choose a classic rose pattern for an elegant and romantic vibe.
Want to create a mouth-watering visual? Imagine an endless row of pineapples that you can almost taste. Try cherries, strawberries, or sliced watermelon patterns for a delicious tropical vibe. Go for lemons and oranges for a refreshing, bright feel.
A monogram pattern is a direct and powerful design. There’s no mystery behind what you are trying to imply when the initials are laid out. Louis Vuitton’s unmistakable monogram is globally recognized and widely used on their luxury products. You can play around with typography and make your monogram pattern extremely unique.
We’ve covered a ton about geometric shapes and patterns. You’ve learned that geometric patterns can be as simple as circles and lines or as complex as mosaics and optical illusions. Now that you have the geometric basics down, let’s put it to use in a real-life design.
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