We’ve all heard of the color indigo, but what do we really know about it? According to the visible color spectrum, indigo is one of the seven colors of the classic rainbow, and that’s pretty much where knowledge stops for most. Luckily, today we’ll be deep diving into everything there is to know about this most mysterious of colors, including the indigo color meaning, indigo color code, indigo color palette, and much more.
Indigo: A Color of the Rainbow
Let’s throw it back to elementary school for a minute. Remember ROY-G-BIV? It’s a clever acronym that stands for the colors of the rainbow in order: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. You may find that indigo has disappeared from the rainbow as of late. So, why was indigo in the original rainbow? Experts think that Sir Isaac Newton originally included indigo in the rainbow due to reasons other rather than those that are scientific. In 1655, Newton started experimenting with prisms and explored how light passed through them at different angles to form different colors. The seven colors he named then became the official colors of the rainbow. But, did he actually see indigo? Some say he only saw six colors but decided that there must be one more to make it a total of seven. On a spiritual and mystical level, the number seven had more significance. At the time there were seven planets, seven notes on the musical scale, and seven days in a week. He chose to include indigo as the seventh color. A popular blue dye called the Indigo Dye had been newly imported from the Indies that may have influenced his decision.
Why Is It Called Indigo?
Indigo got its name from a plant discovered about 5000 years ago that came from the Indus Valley, where it was called nila, meaning dark blue. By the 7th century B.C, people began using the plant as a dye. The Mesopotamians, for example, carved out recipes for making indigo dye into clay tablets. By the late 1200s, news of the popular dye made its way to Europe by way of Venitian merchant traveler, Marco Polo. By the 1600s, indigo grew in high demand across Europe and America.
History of Indigo Color
The story of indigo took an interesting turn in the late 1700s, as British demand started to decline and the American War for Independence began in 1775. The British began trading indigo once again by making the dye in India, and unfortunately heavily exploiting Indian workers throughout the process. The maltreatment of the dye workers sparked revolts and riots in the 1860s, to the point where Mahatma Gandhi’s first act of peaceful civil disobedience was in support of the indigo workers. He even went to court to fight on their behalf for better wages and improved working conditions.
On the other side of the world, the love for indigo continued to grow. Americans used it to make work shorts with indigo blue collars that showed less dirt and stains than white collars. In 1873, Jacob Davis and Levis Straus used indigo dye to make their now famous denim jeans in San Francisco.
What Does Indigo Color Represent?
Indigo is rich in aesthetics and in meaning. In terms of color meaning, indigo is quite spiritual and mysterious in its symbolism. It’s the color of devotion, justice, creativity, dignity, and wisdom. Indigo is used in various cultures and celebrations including the vibrant Holi festival.
Indigo Color Codes
Let’s take a look at some of the technical color information and color code breakdowns for Indigo:
RGB (Red Green Blue) Color Space
- Hex #4B0082
- Composed of 29.4% red, 0% green and 51% blue
- RGB values of R: 29.4, G: 0, B: 51
- Closest websafe color is: #330099
CMYK (Cyan Magenta Yellow Black) Color Space
- Composed of 42% cyan, 100% magenta, 0% yellow and 49% black
- CMYK values of C: 0.42, M: 1, Y: 0, K:0.49
- Decimal value is 4915330
- 274.6 degrees
- Saturation of 100%
- Lightness of 25.5%
Colors Related to Indigo
How Do You Make Indigo Color?
If you’re wondering how to make indigo color, it’s quite simple. The primary colors that combine to make indigo are red and blue. To make indigo, blue must be the dominant pigment in the equation. The exact equation to produce indigo is to mix one-third red and two-thirds blue.
Indigo Compared to Other Colors
Indigo is a deep and rich color in between blue and violet on the color spectrum and can be described as a dark purplish-blue. A Monochromatic color palette includes different shades or tint variations of the same hue. For Indigo color, the monochromatic color palette includes the following:
Indigo vs Dark Violet or #6500B0
Because you can never have too much of a good thing.
Indigo vs Pure (or mostly pure) Violet or #8000DE
An alluring combination, for sure.
Indigo vs Vivid Violet or #980DFF
For when you want to take it up a notch.
Indigo vs Light Violet or #AC3BFF
And if you want to show some restraint.
Indigo vs Very Light Violet or #BF68FF
Or if your project requires a more deft touch.
What Colors Go With Indigo?
Let’s explore a detailed breakdown of the indigo color, including complementary color palettes.
Complementary: Indigo compliments best with Siren (hex #82034b).
Split Complementary: A split complementary scheme is composed of three colors. With Indigo, the other two complementing colors are anakiwa (hex #82ffff) and blueberry (hex #824bff).
Triadic: Triadic combinations are variants of the split complementary color scheme in which colors are found equally spaced on the color wheel. Indigo’s triadic components include tropical rain forest (hex #00824b) and cinnamon (hex #824b00).
Tetradic: A tetradic color scheme contains four colors that are equally spaced on the color wheel. Indigo’s tetradic color scheme includes cinnamon (hex #824b00), Japanese laurel (hex #108200), and navy blue (hex #001082).
Analogous: An analogous palette consists of three or more colors that are next to each other on the color wheel. For indigo, those colors are blueberry (hex #824bff) and pixie powder (hex #4b1382).
Alternatives: Alternative colors are a set of related colors that can be useful if you need an alternative to your original color choice. For indigo, alternative colors include pigment indigo (hex #4e0385), kingfisher daisy (hex #510688), Windsor (hex #54098b), pigment indigo (hex #48007f), pigment indigo (hex #45007c), and pigment indigo (hex #420079).
Create Fantastic Photos Using This Color
From technical color breakdowns and codes to creative color palettes, you should have all the inspiration you need to create a indigo-themed designs of your own. Follow these easy instructions and incorporate indigo into your next design using Picsart.
1) If you’re looking for an online editing tool, open the Picsart Create page. Start a new design by selecting a template size, such as Instagram Square.
2) Select the Color or Gradient tool above your blank canvas. The Color tool will provide a solid background color versus a gradient. Type crimson’s hex code 4B0082 in the search box underneath the color box and hit enter.
3) You can add to your design using Effects, Stickers, Text, and other tools shown on the left-hand side.
4) When you’re done with your indigo design click the Export button on the top right.
Editing on the (indi)go? No worries. Here’s how to do it using Picsart in-app.
1) Open the app and tap on the purple plus sign to start.
2) Scroll down to Color Backgrounds and choose Color Picker.
3) Input the Indigo color code.
4) Tap on the Text tool to add some copy.
5) Input your text and adjust the font, sizing, placement, and more.
6) Tap on the Stickers tool.
7) Add your stickers and tap on Next when you’re happy with the final design.
8) Tap on save or post.
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